This post is made in memory of two women pilots who had a profound effect on this writer’s life.
Your webmaster is such only because a woman aviator shamed him into continuing his interest in becoming a pilot, when his first aerobatic (spin) maneuver scared him witless.
Because his female flight instructor, Dora Dougherty (below left in WASP uniform), was sitting behind him in the rear seat of a J-3 Piper Cub back in early 1945, she didn’t see his frightened expression when she asked him how he liked the violent maneuver he’d just completed under her instruction. Well, what could he say to an attractive young female other than “That was fun!”
(Ms. Dougherty was flight instructing part time while attending Northwestern University in Evanston, IL, not far from the airport at which this writer worked. She had just been discharged from the WASP a few months earlier.)
Of course he was not being at all truthful with that retort, but how could a young man say he was scared to a woman, who clearly did enjoy the abrupt contortions through which the small airplane had just passed. Feigning calmness, your hapless webmaster continued that flight instruction session, never once reporting how frightened he’d actually been. Had the instructor behind him been a man, however, it would have been this author’s last and final attempt at learning how to fly, simply because he’d have quickly replied to that same question with a curt, “Let’s go back to the airfield and land.” In other words, he’d have quit his attempt to become a pilot.
Needless to say, had he quit, he’d not have continued his training, would not have become a pilot, and would not have joined the USAF, either. His life would certainly have taken an entirely different turn. As most of us know, what may seem like a small, if not insignificant experience in our lives, can completely alter our entire future – – – and the personal history it writes for us.
In any event, that flight instructor, along with over a thousand other brave women, had recently been furloughed by the U.S. Military establishment, because WWII was nearing its end, allowing many combat male pilots to return home from Europe. It was planned that these returning combat veterans would take over the ferrying and test-piloting work the women volunteers had been so capably accomplishing.
Exactly 73 years ago this month, in December of 1944, the Women Air Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) organization was suddenly and unexpectedly terminated, putting these women aviators out of the work they loved, a job for which a number of them (38) had already given the ultimate sacrifice. There were only 1,074 young women selected as WASP pilots out of over 25,000 applicants.
Not until 1977, 33 years after their dismantling, were the WASP finally awarded full recognition by Congress for their efforts during WWII, when they were given full military veteran status.
This successful campaign to have them awarded regular military veteran status was led by Arizona’s Senator Barry Goldwater, himself an Air Transport Pilot during the war, and a man who also just happened to have been taught to fly by a woman aviator, and old friend of your webmasters, Ruth Reinhold (see below photo).
Ruthie was too old to apply for duty with the WASP, but all during the war, she did do her part towards helping the aviation war effort. Ms. Reinhold used her piloting skills by instructing Air Force pilots in how to fly by instruments (a necessity during inclement weather, when they couldn’t see the ground below them) when piloting its B-24 “Liberator” heavy bombers.
(Ruth’s portrait is at the left) Ruth later became Barry’s personal corporate pilot, a job she held for over 20 years. In fact, when Mr. Goldwater was the Republican Party’s candidate for President in 1964, Barry went out of his way to be sure Ruthie had the chance to pilot the campaign’s chartered Boeing 727 on its final flight to San Fransisco.
It was the thrill of her lifetime, since she’d never before flown a jet, let alone a popular airliner of the day. It was one of the largest planes Ms. Reinhold had ever flown.
Although Ruthie had not been a member of the WASP, she nevertheless continued her career in aviation throughout WWII. Much earlier on, well before the war, she had been one of the original 99 female aviators who founded, in 1929, the “99’s,” the International Organization of Women Aviators, whose first President was Amelia Earhart.
In any event, as a way of helping the campaign to fund the new film, COMING HOME, we are posting this story as our way of both recognizing these brave women aviators, and of helping to preserve their contribution to the history of how we won WWII.
Here below is the short (2:36) video story behind this new film and here is where you can find their promotional pages.
And, here below, follow a number of other fascinating historical video clips of this group of extraordinarily talented and courageous women – – – one of whom kept this writer’s eyes on the sky.
Dora is featured in this: The above was by PBS – Film is 49:23 long and is the WASP’s full story.
Above, “WASP 1943 – “Unusual Occupation Series” Color film about WASP in WWII – (3:11 long)
The above short clip (2:23) is the movie trailer for, “Keep ’em Flying” the WASP story
Above, “We Were WASP” Part I – Length: 6:11 (Audio and Film Quality Poor – Very old Film)
Above, “We Were WASP” Part II – Length 6:10 (Audio and Film Quality Poor – Very old Film)
Above, “We Were WASP” Part III – 9:04 (Audio and Film Quality Poor – Very old Film)